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[International Journal] Flexible organic light-emitting diodes with ZnS/Ag/ZnO/Ag/WO3 multilayer electrode as a transparent anode
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Dae Young Yang , Sung-Min Lee , Woo Jae Jang , Kyung Cheol Choi
Organic Electronics, October , 2014
vol 15, no 10, pp 2468-2475
We investigated the highly flexible, transparent and very low resistance ZnS/1st Ag/ZnO/2nd Ag/WO3 (ZAZAW) multilayer electrodes on PET substrate as an anode in flexible organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). A theoretical calculation was first conducted to obtain the optimal thickness of the ZAZAW multilayer for high transparency. Its measured luminous transmittance was over 80% in the visible range with a very low sheet resistance of 2.17 Ω/sq., and it had good mechanical flexibility due to the ductility of Ag. Ag’s effect on optical and electrical properties was also studied. Flexible OLEDs devices that were fabricated on ZAZAW multilayer anode showed good hole injection properties comparable to those of ITO-based OLEDs due to the use of WO3 as a hole injection layer. However, the electroluminescent properties of the ZAZAW-based OLEDs varied depending on WO3 thickness. Although the transmittance of the ZAZAW electrode was reduced by tuning the WO3 thickness to adjust the microcavity effect, the device efficiency could be enhanced above that of ITO-based OLEDs.