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[International Journal] Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: cathode structure for plasmonic application
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K.Y.Yang , K.C.Choi , C.W.Ahn
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, April , 2009
vol 94, no 17, pp 173301
The surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission based on an organic light-emitting device is reported in this paper. For surface plasmon localization, silver nanoparticles were thermally deposited in a high vacuum on cathode that had a 1-nm-thick LiF spacer. Since plasmons provide a strong oscillator decay channel, time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) results displayed a 1.75-fold increased emission rate, and continuous wave PL results showed a twofold enhanced intensity. In addition, LiF film/Ag cluster/LiF film structure resolved the carrier injection problem between the cathode and the organic layer. Thus, the suggested design may follow plasmonic applications for a wider organic optoelectronics.