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[International Journal] Low resistive transparent and flexible ZnO/Ag/ZnO/Ag/WO3 electrode for organic light-emitting diodes
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S.-M Lee , C.S.Choi , H.-C.Lee , and Kyung Cheol Choi

Organic Electronics, March , 2012

Published

vol 13, no 9, pp 1654-1659

Abstract
Transparent electrodes cannot easily be created with high transmittance and low sheet resistance simultaneously, although some optoelectronic devices, such as large organic light-emitting diode (OLED) displays and lightings, require very low resistive transparent electrodes. Here, we propose a very low resistive transparent electrode (∼1.6 Ω/sq) with a high transmittance (∼75%) for OLED devices, the transmittance level of which represents the highest reported value to date given such a low sheet resistance level. It consists of a stacked silver (Ag)/zinc oxide (ZnO)/Ag multilayer covered by high refractive index dielectric layers. The proposed multilayer electrode with optimal layer thicknesses has a high and wide spectral transmittance peak due to interference. The low sheet resistance is a result of two Ag layers connected via the sandwiched ZnO layer. In addition to its low sheet resistance coupled with high transmittance, the proposed multilayer electrode has good flexibility. An OLED with an anode of the stacked Ag/ZnO/Ag multilayer shows performance comparable to that of an anode of indium tin oxide.